The Homeland Security Enterprise (HSE) Geospatial Concept of Operations (GeoCONOPS) is planned, managed, and sponsored by the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Geospatial Management Office (GMO). The Geospatial Interagency Oversight Team (GIOT) helps to guide the development of the HSE GeoCONOPs. It is comprised of representatives from various Departments, Agencies, and organizations across all levels of government providing geospatial support to Homeland Security, Homeland Defense, and National Preparedness.
This section of the HSE GeoCONOPS is to describe the geospatial stakeholders that have contributed to the HSE GeoCONOPS. Click on each stakeholder to see what geospatial resources they provide to the community.
Center for Disease Control and Protection
The CDC is the leading national public health institute of the U.S. Its main goal is to protect public health and safety through the control and prevention of disease, injury, and disability. The CDC studies the spatial aspects of health and illness. For example: where are diseases found, how are diseases related to the environment, and where do people go to seek health care. Geographers use a variety of tools to study these topics such as maps, statistics, and Geographic Information Systems.
Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA)
On November 16, 2018, President Trump signed into law the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Act of 2018. This landmark legislation elevates the mission of the former National Protection and Programs Directorate
(NPPD) within DHS and establishes the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).
- CISA leads the national effort to defend critical infrastructure against the threats of today, while working with partners across all levels of government and in the private sector to secure against the evolving risks of tomorrow.
- The name CISA brings recognition to the work being done, improving its ability to engage with partners and stakeholders, and recruit top cybersecurity talent.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
The DTRA focus is to keep WMD out of the hands of terrorist and other enemies by locking down, monitoring, and destroying weapons and weapons related materials. DTRA supports the deployment and transition of innovative effects modeling and simulation capabilities for collaboration across the US government in part to satisfy mission goals.
Department of Commerce
The mission of the Department is to create the conditions for economic growth and opportunity. The Secretary of Commerce serves as the voice of U.S. business within the President’s Cabinet. The Strategic Plan is how the Department maintains its focus on achieving its Open for Business Agenda. Much of the data available from Commerce has a geospatial component to it, whether it is census data, economic data or environmental data. The DOC has a goal for making geospatial data more widely available, well managed, and more useful to Commerce, its partners, and the public.
Department of Defense
The Secretary of Defense is the principal defense policy advisor to the President. Under the direction of the President, the Secretary exercises authority, direction, and control over the Department of Defense. The DoD uses geospatial technology to assist its mission of providing the military forces needed to deter war and to protect the security of the United States. Some of the key DoD organizations that use geospatial information and technology to support this homeland security and national preparedness include the National Guard Bureau (NGB), Northern Command (NORTHCOM), Global Positioning System Operations Center (GPSOC), NORTHCOM 543rd Geospatial Planning Cell (GPC), Joint Interagency Task Force North (JIATF North), Joint Force Headquarters National Capital Region (JFHQ-NCR), North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD), Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), Joint Interagency Task Force South (JIATF South), U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and the Multi-Agency Collaboration Environment (MACE).
Department of Homeland Security
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) was formed in the wake of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, as part of a determined national effort to safeguard the United States against terrorism. DHS uses geospatial technology to support the five homeland security missions:
1. Prevent terrorism and enhancing security
2. Secure and manage our borders
3. Enforce and administer our immigration laws
4. Safeguard and secure cyberspace
5. Ensure resilience to disasters
Some of the key DHS components who use geospatial information and technology to support this mission set include: United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP), United States Coast Guard (USCG), Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), Office of Health Affairs (OHA), United States Secret Service (USSS), Transportation Security Administration (TSA), National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), Intelligence and Analysis (I&A), and Operations and Coordination (OPS).
Additionally, the Geospatial Management Office (GMO) serves within the DHS Chief Information Office and exercises executive leadership in establishing DHS geospatial information technology programs, directives, and initiatives and provides oversight for the integration of geospatial data and technology. It serves as the principal office to facilitate all interagency activities relating to domestic geospatial and remote sensing data to support the needs of homeland security related intelligence, law enforcement, environmental, scientific, and emergency response requirements.
Department of Justice
The National Institute of Justice Mapping and Analysis for Public Safety (MAPS) program supports research that helps agencies use GIS to enhance public safety. The program examines:
1. How to use maps to analyze crime.
2. How to analyze spatial data.
3. How maps can help reserachers evaluate programs and policies.
4. How to develop mapping, data sharing, and spatial analyis tools.
Department of the Interior
The Department of the Interior protects and manages the Nation's natural resources and cultural heritage; provides scientific and other information about those resources; and honors its trust responsibilities or special commitments to American Indians, Alaska Natives, and affiliated island communities.
Department of Transportation
GIS is used within the DOT to improve the environmental review process and further integrate planning and project development activities. Incorporating GIS into transportation activities has allowed for project alternatives to be effectively and efficiently evaluated in response to public or agency comments. Many State DOTs and other transportation agencies have recognized the potential of geospatial tools and have the necessary systems and resources in place to deploy these tools.
Environmental Protection Agency
EPA's National Geospatial Program coordinates the use of geospatial data in a variety of ways to help EPA carry out its mission to protect human health and the environment. The program: Collects and creates geospatial data, Builds applications that allow users to search, Discovers and visualizes geospatial information, and Creates standards and policies that increase the ability for applications and data to be shared and used.
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEMA provides geospatial technology for decision makers, planners, first responders, and recovery experts to allow for a deeper understanding of their community's exposure and options before, during, and after a disaster. Before an event, FEMA provides risk analysis and deliberate planning resources. During an event, unified geospatial operations and search and rescue (SAR) resources are available. After an event FEMA can provide geospatial damage assessments and mobile applications to assist in the recovery process.
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA)
The HIDTA Program, a federal grant program administered by the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, provides resources to assist federal, state, local and tribal agencies in coordinating activities that address drug trafficking in specifically designated areas of the United States. HIDTA currently serves Maryland, Virginia, Washington D.C., and West Virginia.
Housing and Urban Development
Geospatial technology is increasingly important to HUD’s work and increasingly in demand. Let’s face it: everyone who has a smartphone is basically a GIS user, whether they know it or not. “I’m here— where can I go to get something to eat or see a movie?” People have come to expect a map for everything these days. With that in mind, the IT powers at HUD decided that it would be worthwhile to fund GIS at the agency level. PD&R, having the bulk of geospatial knowledge and expertise in the agency, was the natural choice to coordinate and manage the effort. The idea is that, by coordinating how investments in the technology are made at an agency level, HUD will be able to provide services and solutions to the staff as well as to the grantees much more efficiently.
Los Alamos National Laboratory
Los Alamos National Laboratory’s mission is to solve national security challenges through scientific excellence. The laboratory’s strategic plan reflects U.S. priorities spanning nuclear security, intelligence, defense, emergency response, nonproliferation, counterterrorism, energy security, emerging threats, and environmental management. This strategy is aligned with priorities set by the Department of Energy (DOE), the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), and national strategy guidance documents.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the excecutive branch responible for the civilian space program as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
National Geospatial Intelligence Agency
The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is a Combat Support Agency and Intelligence Community Member responsible for delivering world-class geospatial-intelligence that provides a decisive advantage to policymakers, warfighters, and intelligence professionals. Anyone who sails a U.S. ship, flies a U.S. aircraft, makes national policy decisions, fights wars, locates targets, responds to natural disasters, or even navigates with a cellphone relies on NGA. NGA enables all of these critical actions and shapes decisions that impact our world through the indispensable discipline of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT).
National Guard Bureau
he National Guard continues its historic dual mission, providing trained units to the states, territories and the District of Columbia and keeping itself equipped to protect life and property. The Guard also provides trained units to the nation equipped and ready to defend the United States and its interests all over the globe.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
From daily weather forecasts, severe storm warnings and climate monitoring to fisheries management, coastal restoration and supporting marine commerce, NOAA’s products and services support economic vitality and affect more than one-third of America’s gross domestic product. NOAA’s dedicated scientists use cutting-edge research and high-tech instrumentation to provide citizens, planners, emergency managers and other decision makers with reliable information they need when they need it.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) was created as an independent agency by Congress in 1974 to ensure the safe use of radioactive materials for beneficial civilian purposes while protecting people and the environment. The NRC regulates commercial nuclear power plants and other uses of nuclear materials, such as in nuclear medicine, through licensing, inspection and enforcement of its requirements.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is the largest US Department of Energy science and energy laboratory, conducting basic and applied research to deliver transformative solutions to compelling problems in energy and security. ORNL’s diverse capabilities span a broad range of scientific and engineering disciplines, enabling the Laboratory to explore fundamental science challenges and to carry out the research needed to accelerate the delivery of solutions to the marketplace.
Sandia National Laboratory
As a multidisciplinary national laboratory and federally funded research and development center (FFRDC), Sandia accomplishes tasks that are integral to the mission and operation of our sponsoring agencies by
- Anticipating and resolving emerging national security challenges
- Innovating and discovering new technologies to strengthen the nation’s technological superiority
- Creating value through products and services that solve important national security challenges
- Informing the national debate where technology policy is critical to preserving security and freedom throughout our world
Small Business Administration
The mission of the SBA is to aid, counsel, assist and protect the interests of small business concerns, to preserve free competitive enterprise and to maintain and strengthen the overall economy of our nation. They recognize that small business is critical to our economic recovery and strength, to building America's future, and to helping the United States compete in today's global marketplace. The SBA helps Americans start, build and grow businesses.
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
With environmental sustainability as a guiding principle, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' disciplined Corps team is working diligently to strengthen our Nation’s security by building and maintaining America’s infrastructure and providing military facilities where our service members train, work and live. We are also researching and developing technology for our war fighters while protecting America’s interests abroad by using our engineering expertise to promote stability and improve quality of life.
U.S. Census Bureau
Geography is central to the work of the Census Bureau, providing the framework for survey design, sample selection, data collection, tabulation, and dissemination. Geography provides meaning and context to statistical data. Given the diversity of our population, our economic activities, and our geographic areas, use of the latest and best geographic methodologies is critical to the Census Bureau’s ability to serve as the leading provider of statistical and geospatial data. Our geographic area concepts, information, and statistical data must keep pace with the needs of the researchers and analysts who work to understand the changing distribution and characteristics of our people, places and economy.
U.S. Coast Guard
The United States Coast Guard (USCG) utilizes geospatial technology to support it's fundamental missions for maritime safety, security, and mobility as well as supporting national defense, incident management, port intelligence, and search and rescue.
U.S. Department of Agriculture
The USDA provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, rural development, nutrition, and related issues based on public policy, the best available science, and effective management. Their vision is to provide economic opportunity through innovation, helping rural America to thrive; to promote agriculture production that better nourishes Americans while also helping feed others throughout the world; and to preserve our Nation's natural resources through conservation, restored forests, improved watersheds, and healthy private working lands
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HHS uses geospatial technology for such functions as policy analysis, planning, course of action comparison, incident management, and training. It incorporates information from numerous sources both internal and external to the agency in its geospatial activities. Geospatial technology helps to provide enhanced situational awareness at a level of granularity needed for all responders including regional emergency coordinators and teams in the field.
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs
The United States Department of Veterans Affairs has the primary function to support Veterans in their time after service by providing benefits and support. The VA uses geospatial resources to track and show various demographics and health issues affecting veterans and locations important to the VA.
U.S. Energy Information Administration
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) collects, analyzes, and disseminates independent and impartial energy information to promote sound policymaking, efficient markets, and public understanding of energy and its interaction with the economy and the environment.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Geospatial data and services are critical elements needed to meet the mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS), and remote sensing are the primary elements which fall under the geospatial data and services umbrella.
Geospatial services provide the technology to create, analyze, maintain, and distribute geospatial data and information. GIS, GPS and remote sensing play a vital role in all of the Service’s long-term goals and in analyzing and quantifying the USFWS Operational Plan Measures.
U.S. Geological Survey
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), under the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI), provides reliable scientific information to: describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect quality of life. As the Nation’s largest water, earth, and biological science and civilian mapping agency, the USGS collects, monitors, analyzes, and provides scientific understanding about natural resource conditions, issues, and problems. The USGS forms cooperative partnerships with organizations from all levels of government and industry.
United States Secret Service
The U.S. Secret Service has a pivotal role in securing the nation’s critical infrastructures, specifically in the areas of cyber, banking and finance. Other directives address the need to combat transnational organized crime that targets the citizens and financial institutions of the United States. In response to the globalization of technology- based threats, the U.S. Secret Service’s investigative mission abroad is growing as well, creating the need for a heightened overseas liaison presence.
Florida Division of Emergency Management
The Division of Emergency Management plans for and responds to both natural and man-made disasters. These range from floods and hurricanes to incidents involving hazardous materials or nuclear power. The division prepares and implements a statewide Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan, and routinely conducts extensive exercises to test state and county emergency response capabilities.
Georgia Emergency Management Agency (GEMA)
The Georgia Emergency Management and Homeland Security Agency coordinates the state’s preparedness, response and recovery efforts to disasters. As part of the Office of the Governor, GEMA/HS operates under the authority of the Emergency Management Act of 1981. GEMA/HS works with local, state and federal governments, in partnership with the private sector and faith-based community, to prevent and respond to natural and man-made emergencies. In addition, GEMA/HS employees are on 24-hour call statewide to assist local authorities when disaster strikes.
Oregon Office of Emergency Management
The mission of the Oregon Office of Emergency Management (OEM) is to lead statewide efforts to develop and enhance preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation capabilities to protect lives, property, and the environment of the whole community. The OEM helps to plan for and support disasters including flooding, fires, excessive heat, tsunamis, and storms. RAPTOR (Real-Time Assessment and Planning Tool for Oregon) is the agency’s web mapping application, which it produced to act as a common operating picture for users to display and analyze spatially enabled information from various sources.
Virginia Department of Emergency Management
The Virginia Department of Emergency Management is charged with the coordination of the commonwealth's emergency preparedness, mitigation, response, and recovery efforts. The agency uses GIS and geospatial data to assist in protecting Virginia and its localities from impacts of natural and manmade hazards.
Montgomery County Maryland
The Montgomery County DTS-GIS team offers GIS consulting services, database management, custom maps, application development, and training services to the Montgomery County Executive Branch departments and offices using a variety of local (stand-alone or Intranet) and wide area (Internet) network solutions.
American Red Cross
The American Red Cross prevents and alleviates human suffering in the face of emergencies by mobilizing the power of volunteers and the generosity of donors.
The GIS office at American Red Cross is deeply involved in international disaster response and disaster preparedness programs throughout the world. This site is a working website with links to many of the tools and resources we use to organize and accomplish our work. We are encouraging Red Cross Societies in countries around the globe to take advantage of open-source geospatial technologies for better project management and reporting.
Central United States Earthquake Consortium
CUSEC is a partnership of the federal government and the eight states most affected by earthquakes in the central United States. Those states are: Alabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, and Tennessee. CUSEC serves as a “coordinating hub” for the region with the role largely being facilitative.
Multi-Agency Collaboration Environment (MACE)
The Multi-Agency Collaboration Environment (MACE) was established by Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks & Information Integration (ASD(NII)), the DOD CIO and in cooperation with the OSD Special Capabilities Office (SCO) to create data sharing partnerships across the federal government. The goal was to achieve greater levels of situational awareness and enable more accurate and timely decision making across the DoD and Federal Agencies.
National Fusion Center Association
The National Fusion Center Association (NFCA) represents the interests of stateNFCA and major urban area fusion centers, as well as associated interests of states, tribal nations, and units of local government, in order to promote the development and sustainment of fusion centers to enhance public safety; encourage effective, efficient, ethical, lawful, and professional intelligence and information sharing; and prevent and reduce the harmful effects of crime and terrorism on victims, individuals, and communities. The organization works to represent fusion center concerns to the federal government, provides support on effective policy development, serves as a catalyst for policies and practices, and helps to coordinate between and among the different branches and levels of government in order to promote philosophical agreement.
National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC)
The National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC), located in Boise, Idaho, is the nation's support center for wildland firefighting. Eight different agencies and organizations are part of NIFC. Decisions are made using the interagency cooperation concept because NIFC has no single director or manager.
The Boise Interagency Fire Center (BIFC) was created in 1965 because the US Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management (BLM), and National Weather Service saw the need to work together to reduce the duplication of services, cut costs, and coordinate national fire planning and operations. The National Park Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs joined BIFC in in the mid 1970s. The US Fish and Wildlife Service later joined in 1979. The Center's name was changed in 1993 from the Boise Interagency Fire Center to the National Interagency Fire Center to more accurately reflect its national mission.
National Wildfire Coordinating Group
The National Wildfire Coordinating Group provides national leadership to enable interoperable wildland fire operations among federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial partners. Primary objectives include:
- Establish national interagency wildland fire operations standards. Recognize that the decision to adopt standards is made independently by the NWCG members and communicated through their respective directives systems.
- Establish wildland fire position standards, qualifications requirements, and performance support capabilities (e.g. training courses, job aids) that enable implementation of NWCG standards.
- Support the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy goals: to restore and maintain resilient landscapes; create fire adapted communities; and respond to wildfires safely and effectively.
- Establish information technology (IT) capability requirements for wildland fire.
- Ensure that all NWCG activities contribute to safe, effective, and coordinated national interagency wildland fire operations.
The Geospatial Subcommittee (GSC) provides national leadership for the integration of geospatial information, technology, and systems into all phases of wildland fire management. This includes the development and promotion of standards and tools; trusted data to support wildland fire operations; training; the development of geospatial capability in the field; and providing geospatial expertise to other wildland fire lines of business.
Open Geospatial Consortium
The Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) is an international industry consortium of over 519 companies, government agencies and universities participating in a consensus process to develop publicly available interface standards. OGC® Standards support interoperable solutions that "geo-enable" the Web, wireless and location-based services and mainstream IT. The standards empower technology developers to make complex spatial information and services accessible and useful with all kinds of applications.
The Pacific Disaster Center
The Pacific Disaster Center delivers comprehensive information, assessments, tools, and services with the goal of reducing disaster risk. PDC is dedicated to improving disaster mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery through innovative, global multi-hazard disaster monitoring, early warning, and decision support systems, as well as risk and vulnerability assessment, modeling and visualization, exercise support, and capacity enhancement services.
United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation
The United States Geospatial Intelligence Foundation (USGIF) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit educational foundation dedicated to promoting the geospatial intelligence tradecraft and developing a stronger GEOINT Community with government, industry, academia, professional organizations, and individuals who develop and apply geospatial intelligence to address national security challenges. USGIF executes its mission through its various programs and events and by building the community, advancing the tradecraft, and accelerating innovation.
Updated on May 2, 2019