The NRF establishes a comprehensive, national, all-hazards approach to domestic incident response and defines the key principles, roles, and structures that organize the way we respond as a nation. It describes how communities, tribes, states, the federal government, private sector, and nongovernmental organizations (NGO) partners apply these principles for a coordinated, effective national response. In addition, the NRF enables first responders, decision makers, and supporting entities to provide a unified national response.

The GeoCONOPS is aligned to the NRF mission partners, PPD-8 Mission Areas, the ESFs, and other support elements through the depiction of geospatial information required to provide key mission support (damage assessment, lifesaving, and recovery). Within the event-specific sections of the GeoCONOPS, ESF-specific mission activities, including geospatial production efforts, are identified.

PPD-8 describes the Nation’s approach to preparing for the threats and hazards that pose the greatest risk to the security of the United States. National preparedness is the shared responsibility of our Whole Community[1]. Every member contributes, including individuals, communities, the private and nonprofit sectors, faith-based organizations, and federal, state, and local governments. The GeoCONOPS is aligned with the PPD-8 core capabilities which are essential for the execution of each of the five mission areas:

  • Prevention
  • Protection
  • Mitigation
  • Response
  • Recovery

The NIMS provides a systematic, proactive approach to guide departments and agencies at all levels of government, NGOs, and the private sector to work seamlessly to reduce the loss of life and property and harm to the environment. These efforts aim to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity. NIMS provides the template for the management of incidents, while the NRF provides the structure and mechanisms for national-level policy for incident management. Component II, Section C, of NIMS (draft 2008) has a section dedicated to the critical importance of geospatial information to communication and information management during an incident.

The alignment of the GeoCONOPS to NIMS can be used to support information and communication management as well as to support the other components of NIMS:

  • Preparedness, Pre-event Planning and Coordination. The GeoCONOPS supports pre-event planning and coordination through the documentation of the “as-is” environment of the geospatial community supporting emergency management activities. This information provides the basis for continued coordination efforts and the development of updated standard operating procedure (SOP)-type documents.
  • Resource Management. The GeoCONOPS supports credentialing of staff and resource requirements, as discussed in Section 2.
  • Coordination and Management. The GeoCONOPS will assist in reducing duplication of efforts in geospatial data collection and production by identifying authoritative sources for information.
  • Management and Maintenance/Standards and Technology. The GeoCONOPS provides a venue for the sharing of information related to planning, training, and development of best practices and SOPs.

Within the NRF, the ESFs provide the structure to group capabilities and functional expertise of departments and agencies for coordinating interagency support and response to an incident. The NIMS provides the flexibility to assign the ESFs in support of event operations at the JFO, RRCCs or the NRCC in order to respond to incidents in a more collaborative manner. Each ESF assigns responsibilities to a primary agency and support agencies. The Roles and Responsibilities of the 15 ESFs are defined below:

ESF #1 – Transportation

  • Aviation/airspace management and control
  • Transportation safety
  • Restoration/recovery of transportation infrastructure
  • Movement restrictions
  • Damage and impact assessment

ESF #2 – Communications

  • Coordination with telecommunications and information technology industries
  • Restoration and repair of telecommunications infrastructure
  • Protection, restoration, and sustainment of national cyber and information technology resources
  • Oversight of communications within the federal incident management and response structures

ESF #3 – Public Works and Engineering

  • Infrastructure protection and emergency repair
  • Infrastructure restoration
  • Engineering services and construction management
  • Emergency contracting support for lifesaving and life-sustaining services

ESF #4 – Firefighting

  • Coordination of federal firefighting activities
  • Support to wildland, rural, and urban firefighting operations

ESF #5 – Information and Planning

  • Coordination of incident management and response efforts
  • Issuance of mission assignments
  • Resource and human capital
  • Incident action planning
  • Financial management

ESF #6 – Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services

  • Mass care
  • Emergency assistance
  • Disaster housing
  • Human services
  • Sheltering

ESF #7 – Logistics

  • Manages complex logistics supply chain that provides equipment, supplies, and services for incidents requiring an integrated whole community response capability
  • Integration of whole community logistics partners through deliberate and crisis collaboration in the planning, sourcing, acquisition, utilization, and disposition of resources
  • Facilitating communication and collaboration among all supply chain support elements in order to minimize recovery efforts in the impacted area and reestablish local and state self-sufficiency as rapidly as possible

ESF #8 – Public Health and Medical Services

  • Public health
  • Medical
  • Mental health services
  • Mass fatality management

ESF #9 – Search and Rescue (SAR)

  • Lifesaving assistance
  • Search and rescue operations

ESF #10 – Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

  • Oil and hazardous materials (chemical, biological, radiological, etc.) response
  • Environmental short- and long-term cleanup

ESF #11 – Agriculture and Natural Resources

  • Nutrition assistance
  • Animal and plant disease and pest response
  • Food safety and security
  • Natural and cultural resources and historic properties protection and restoration
  • Safety and well-being of household pets

ESF #12 – Energy

  • Energy infrastructure assessment, repair, and restoration
  • Energy industry utilities coordination
  • Energy forecast

ESF #13 – Public Safety and Security

  • Facility and resource security
  • Security planning and technical resource assistance
  • Public safety and security support
  • Support to access, traffic, and crowd control

ESF #14 – Long-Term Community Recovery

  • Social and economic community impact assessment
  • Long-term community recovery assistance to states, local governments, and the private sector
  • Analysis and review of mitigation program implementation

ESF #15 – External Affairs

  • Emergency public information and protective action guidance
  • Media and community relations
  • Congressional and international affairs
  • Tribal and insular affairs

Federal departments and agencies routinely manage the response to incidents under their statutory or executive authorities. When a federal entity with primary responsibility and authority for handling an incident requires federal assistance above and beyond its interagency mechanisms (e.g., Executive orders, memorandums of understanding [MOU], memorandums of agreement [MOA]), that department or agency can request additional federal assistance through DHS. When this happens, this support is:

  • Coordinated by DHS using the multiagency coordination structures established in the NRF and in accordance with the NIMS
  • Generally funded by the federal entity with primary responsibility and statutory authority for the incident in accordance with provisions of the Economy Act, unless other statutory authorities exist
  • Facilitated by the interagency MOU for Mutual Aid, and executed at the time of the incident through interagency agreements (see the Financial Management Support Annex for more information).

Figure 1-9 illustrates the actions federal departments and agencies take to assist state and local governments under Stafford Act.

Updated on October 29, 2018